Today, we are compiling and fun and informative guide on how many types of trees are there in the world! Why you may ask? Well, our response is why not?! Trees are the literal reason why you or I am breathing at this current moment in time! They are responsible for creating all of the oxygen that we rely so much on!
They are a crucial part of our water cycle that means they have a direct hand in ensuring we have water too! Trees are also great for shade, for protection from the sun on those hot days, and what child doesn’t have fond memories of trying to climb a tree! They are also the first thing we think about when we think of greenery and nature so we should be thankful to them for making our world so beautiful.
Earth is the only planet that can sustain plants and natural life after all and trees make it so unique. They are home to tons of incredible animal and bird species that would otherwise go extinct! There are entire ecosystems within the barks of trees as well. Let’s face it trees are everywhere and they are a very important resource on our planet!
We have yearly drives and marathons to raise awareness for why it is so important to plant trees and we would be nowhere without them! Mankind has always had a very close and important relationship with trees because apart from simply giving us oxygen, trees are also the only source that we have for wood!
We use timber and wood for so many uses, products, and activities! Even today, many rural landscapes and people use firewood to light their homes and for warmth. On the more industrial side, we have wooden floorings, chairs, tables and so much more! However, have you ever wondered about trees apart from your 5th-grade geography book? Have you ever wondered what makes a tree a tree? Well, if you are curious like us, this review is the perfect one for you!
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How do we classify trees?
When it comes to scientific terms and uses, a tree can be classified as any plant that has roots that dig into the earth, has an elongated trunk, can grow leaves, needles, or cones of some sort, and of course, has some form of branches. For most species, trees are much larger and taller than bushes or smaller plants and can even grow leaves or fruit. Some trees have edible bark and might even have sap within the crevices and bark.
So, how many types of trees are there in the world?
According to the Botanic Gardens Conservation International that is an internationally recognized plant and tree conservation organization based in London, there are more than 60,000 known species and varieties of trees in the natural world! That shouldn’t be too surprising considering trees are present on every continent except Antarctica and the Arctic!
This means that each corner of the earth has a unique variety and types of tree species! This result has been found after conducting research and going over more than 500 reputable and reliable sources of published data. To make things even easier for users, there is even a completely updated and comprehensive list of the 60 065 trees available and this is called the Global Tree Search. The list also has major facts, types, species, and locations of different kinds.
If you’re interested in a cool fact, you will be surprised to know that the country with the highest number of trees was Brazil. It has over 8,715 different kinds of trees! If you wish to know what area has the least number of trees, it has to be the far north end of North America as it only has 1300 variants. Other information on this database also talks about endangered and near-extinct tree species with some having as little as 50 left in the wild.
When we talk about the quantity or number of trees that are different from actually figuring out what type or species a tree is! However, with this handy guide, we will clear the confusion on how many types of trees there are in the world! Trees can mostly be divided into 3 main types! The first is deciduous, the second is coniferous and the third is evergreen! There is also something known as a Deciduous Conifer and we will get into that shortly!
The main factor that makes deciduous trees deciduous is that they develop their leaves throughout the spring and lose them throughout the colder time of year. Their leaves are usually round, juicy, and wider than other varieties. They are found in all sorts of locations around the world but are at their peak in the summer or spring months.
These are the brilliant red, yellow, and orange leaves that we have so closely attached to fall! If you wonder why this happens, you should know that leaves are shed off trees to help conserve the used water during the chilly months of the year. The main reason why this occurs is that they need to conserve energy to go through the process of photosynthesis. Some of the most common species of deciduous trees include Maple, Birch, Oak, Beech, Rowan, and Aspen among others!
When we think of Christmas trees, we think of a big pine tree that is dotted with needles and cones as leaves instead of the general round leaves! The reason behind this is that conifers will not lose their greenery or their leaves like deciduous ones and they also do not change colors. However, the most immediate way to distinguish them is by the needles.
Conifers are easily distinguished also because they are dotted along with landscapes close to each other and they are commonly available in cooler locations up north! The most commonly known and recognized kinds of coniferous trees include redwoods, cedar, pine trees, and fir among many more.
This is another important variant. It is closed to coniferous variety because most conifers are evergreen or they retain their brilliant green color throughout the year. However, not all evergreens are coniferous. For evergreens, the word conifer is used to look at the way they reproduce!
Another way to distinguish them is that not all evergreens have pines, needles, or cones but all conifers certainly will! However, unlike conifers, evergreens can be grown in all sorts of climates and can also have flowers! Good examples include spruce, red cedar, and many varieties of fir!
This is the last type of tree that is on our list for today. These might sound quite confusing but it is quite simple once you get into it. There are some tree types or species that have both the characteristics of coniferous and deciduous trees! This is less common of course but these hybrid trees will grow pines and cones such as confers and will also lose these in colder months yearly just like deciduous ones do!
There are a come species of trees that will be similar to coniferous and deciduous trees. The most common ones in this category are Dawn Redwood, tamarack larch, European larch, and bald cypress.
How to identify different types of trees?
If you wish to find the easiest ways on how to identify a tree from any other species, the first biggest give away is their flowers! We might not recognize a tree because they do look a lot alike, but we are more in tune with different flowers due to their vibrant colors, smells, and shapes! This is why it is so easy to recognize a cherry blossom when it is in full bloom as opposed to when it is not!
If that is still not easy for you, then the second most obvious method to identify different types of trees is by the fruit that they bear! Of course, not all trees will bear fruits or even flowers, but it is much easier to look at a fruit and realize that you are looking at an apple tree!
Other resources such as informative guides, books, and even apps are available online to provide a good visual aid on how to identify and distinguish one tree from another! We especially love the applications that you can download on your smartphone and simply take a picture of a certain plant or tree to know what it is!
In conclusion, this has been our informative and helpful guide on figuring out how many types of trees there are in the world! We hope this has been an illuminating journey and it has helped readers find out important facts and tidbits about trees and their different kinds. This article also looked into the main benefits of trees, their main kinds, and how to identify them!